Smart Cities A to Z

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Term Definition
APIs An application programming interface (API) is a set of definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software.
Apps Apps (application programs) are computer programs designed to perform a group of integrated activities for the benefit of the user.
Artificial intelligence Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines, rather than humans or other animals.
Autonomous vehicles Autonomous vehicles are vehicles capable of sensing their environment and navigating without human input.
Cellular A cellular network or mobile network is a communication network where the final link is wireless.
Cloud computing Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) model for enabling ubiquitous access to shared pools of data and computing resources, typically over the internet.
Connected devices A connected device (or smart device) is an electronic device, generally connected to other devices or networks, that can operate to some extent interactively and autonomously.
Connectivity Connectivity is the ability of individuals and devices to connect to communications networks or the internet and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web
Data set A data set is a collection of data.
Dynamic pricing (demand-based pricing) Dynamic pricing, also referred to as demand-based pricing, is a pricing strategy in which flexible prices for products or service are based on current market demands
Electric vehicles Electric vehicles completely rely on one or more electric motors for propulsion.
Information and communications technology (ICT) Information and Communications Technology (ICT) refers to the integration of telecommunications, computers, and associated enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems that enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate info
Infrastructure Infrastructure refers to the fundamental facilities and systems serving a city, country, or other area including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Instrumentation Instrumentation is a collective term for measuring instruments used for indicating, measuring and recording physical quantities.
Integrated services In computer networking, integrated services is an architecture that specifies the elements to guarantee quality of service on networks.
Interoperability Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system whose interfaces are able to work seamlessly with a defined set of other products or systems.
Legacy systems In computing, legacy systems are old and outdated methods, technologies, computer systems, or application programs.
Livability Livability (or quality of life) is the general well-being of individuals, communities, and societies.
LoRa LoRa is a long range, low power wireless platform that is the prevailing technology choice for building internet of things (IoT) networks worldwide.
LPWAN Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) is a type of wireless telecommunication wide area network designed to allow long range communications at a low bit rate among connected objects.
Multi-modal Multi-modal transportation systems include a wide range of transporation options including walking, bicycling, bus, light rail, train, ferry, and shared mobility services.
Near-field communication Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices, one of which is usually a portable device such as a smartphone, to establish communication by bringing them within 4 centimeters of each other.
Open data Open data is data that is freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without copyright, patent, or other restrictions.
Open standards Open standards are publicly available standards developed through a broad consultation process that govern the application of a particular domain or activity.
Optimization Optimization is the process of achieving the best possible outcome relative to a defined set of success metrics.
Platform A computing platform is the environment within which a piece of software is executed.
Platform as a service Platform as a service (PaaS) is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications.
Predictive analytics Predictive analytics includes a range of statistical techniques from predictive modeling, machine learning, and data mining that analyze existing data to make predictions about future events.
Privacy Privacy in a smart cities context is the ability of an individual or group to control the types, amounts, and recipients of data about themselves.
Real-time Real-time computing describes hardware and software systems that are able to respond very rapidly to continuously occurring external events.
Reference architecture A reference architecture in the field of software architecture provides a template solution valid for a particular domain that can be used again and again.
Responsibilities City responsibilities are key domains within which city governments and their private sector partners provide important services to residents, visitors, and businesses.
RF mesh An RF mesh network is a wireless communications network made up of radio frequency nodes organized in a flexibile mesh topology driven by connections between neighboring nodes.
Ride Hailing Services Ride hailing services arrange one-time rides on very short notice, typically using a dedicated app.
Security Security in a computer science context is the ability to maintain the integrity of all data, software, hardware, and devices against unauthorized actors.
Sensors A sensor is an electronic component, module, or subsystem whose purpose is to detect events or changes in its environment.
Shared transportation Shared transportation is a term for describing a demand-driven vehicle-sharing arrangement in which travelers share a vehicle either on-demand or over time.
Siloed cities Siloed cities have poor integration between different city responsibilities, across departments, amongst communcation networks, and with other regional governments.
Situational awareness Situational awareness is the perception of environmental elements and events, the comprehension of their meaning, and the understanding of their status after some variable has changed
Smart city A smart city uses information and communications technology (ICT) to enhance livaiblity, workability, and sustainability.
Smart infrastructure Smart infrastructure refers to the integration of smart technologies into the fundamental facilities and systems serving a city, country, or other area including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function.
Smart meters A smart meter is an electronic device that records consumption of electricity in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information back to the utility for monitoring and billing.
Smart parking Smart parking is a vehicle parking system that helps drivers find a vacant spot using sensors and communications networks.
Smart transportation Smart transportation aims to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transportation and traffic management and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, and better use of transportion networks.
Structured data Structured data follows an abstract model that organizes elements of data and standardizes how they relate to one another and to properties of associated real world entities.
Sustainability Sustainability within a given geographical context refers to maintaining and enhancing ecological, social, and economic health.
Switches Switches are electrical components that can "make" or "break" an electrical circuit, interrupting the current or diverting it from one conductor to another.
Targets Proin et justo sed nunc vestibulum cursus in egestas magna.
Unstructured data Unstructured data is information that does not have a pre-defined data model.
Urban data platform An urban data platform provides a common digital environment for the aggregation of data across multiple city responsibility areas and departments
Urbanization Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban areas, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to the change.
Workability Workability is economic competitiveness, which can be measured by productivity, innovation, and openess.